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You have found 14 entries after clicking the GO button or a search link in a hot topic. Sorted by the main topic addressed, the list shows in orange the type of entry, year the original document was published (or if one of our own documents, the year last updated), and the type of file you will download when you click on the title. In blue is the document’s title followed by a brief description.

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STUDY 2001 PDF file 99Kb
How dependent drug users in Scotland avoided relapse

Scottish study provides valuable clues to where anti-relapse interventions might focus. Predated by many years the recovery era in British policy but laid some of the foundations for its shift in emphasis from the psychological or biochemical grip of addiction to lifestyle change which breaks with the past satisfyingly enough to forge a positive, non-addict identity and prevent relapse.

OFFCUT 2003 PDF file 151Kb
Restricted view creates impression of 'chronic relapsing condition'

New studies suggest that the image of addiction as a 'chronic relapsing condition' is due to seeing it through the narrow slit of treatment populations who lack (or have been denied) the physical, psychological and social resources needed to recover.

OFFCUT 2006 PDF file 125Kb
Impulse smoking cessation resolutions twice as likely to stick as planned

The popular cycle of change model offers one way to envision intentional change but that is not the only or the most lasting way addiction is resolved; seemingly sudden conversions to abstinence are common and lead to more lasting remission.

REVIEW 2010 HTM file
Systematic review of prospective studies investigating 'remission' from amphetamine, cannabis, cocaine or opioid dependence

Review synthesises evidence on how many people recover each year (with or without treatment) from their dependence on stimulants, heroin-type drugs or cannabis, providing a baseline against which to assess improvement efforts.

REVIEW 2012 HTM file
Recovery/remission from substance use disorders: an analysis of reported outcomes in 415 scientific reports, 1868–2011

Positive message of this compendious synthesis of hundreds of studies is that "Recovery is not an aberration achieved by a small and morally enlightened minority of addicted people. If there is a natural developmental momentum within the course of [these] problems, it is toward remission and recovery."

REVIEW 2013 HTM file
Quitting drugs: quantitative and qualitative features

Innovative re-analysis of US national surveys reveals that no matter how long ago someone became dependent on an illegal drug or alcohol, their chances of achieving remission remain the same. The findings challenge models which assume that progressive neural, lifestyle or psychological changes increasingly lock someone in to addiction.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
Probability and predictors of remission from life-time nicotine, alcohol, cannabis or cocaine dependence: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions

The largest recent US national survey of drink and drug problems shows that outside the addiction treatment clinic, remission is the norm and recovery common. After 14 years half the people at some time dependent on alcohol were in remission, a milestone reached for cannabis after six years, and for cocaine after just five.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Vietnam veterans three years after Vietnam: how our study changed our view of heroin

Reprint of a 1977 presentation of one of the most influential studies of heroin addiction ever conducted, which called in to question its supposed addictive qualities, the need for prolonged treatment and abstinence to overcome addiction, and whether heroin use inevitably causes major social problems.

REVIEW 2012 HTM file
The meanings of recovery from addiction: evolution and promises

What is 'recovery' and what does it mean for the roles of treatment and of doctors? This analysis based on the last ten years' writings on the subject draws a parallel with mental health, where recovery in terms of a meaningful and self-directed life is reserved for persisting severe illness resistant to 'cure' via treatment.

REVIEW 2001 PDF file 594Kb
Cycle of change

Its simplicity is beguiling, but does the ubiquitous Prochaska and DiClemente cycle of change model simply describe the change process, or help predict and accelerate it? Professor Robin Davidson casts a sceptical eye over the evidence.


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