How do women’s substance use problems, needs and outcomes differ from those of men? To mark International Women’s Day 2020, a collection of interventions that further our understanding of how sex and gender can influence the course of addiction and treatment, with a particular focus on women starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 72 documents.
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STUDY 2005 PDF file 195Kb
Abused women gain more from holistic counselling
A major US government project found that women with substance use and mental health problems and traumatised by a history of sexual or physical abuse benefited most from services which offered integrated counselling addressing all these issues.
STUDY 2005 PDF file 112Kb
Pharmacotherapies which work with men do not help women
Emerging indications from studies of disulfiram treatment of cocaine dependence and sertraline for alcohol dependence that pharmacotherapies which work for men do not always help women.
Intensive, long-term case management coordinating treatment and other services helped US 'welfare mothers' overcome their drug problems and gain full time employment.
STUDY 2004 PDF file 164Kb
Female crack smokers respond well to standard HIV risk-reduction sessions
Outreach work among inner-city female drug users in Atlanta demonstrated the potential impact of just two standard sessions addressing the sex- and drug-related HIV risk of crack smokers, but also the utility of more customised help, especially for injectors.
NASTY SURPRISES 2004 PDF file 211Kb
Confident kids ... like to party
Research challenging the presumption that because it is 'bad', then youth substance use must also be caused by and cause other 'bad' things. The nasty surprise is that by fostering socially skilled youngsters keen on sports, we can also be fostering substance use.
STUDY 2004 PDF file 140Kb
Crack: making and sustaining the break
The first UK follow-up study of service use by crack users revealed that after residential crisis intervention practically none avoided relapse without the aid of follow-on treatment, especially residential rehabilitation and attending mutual aid groups.
STUDY 2003 PDF file 278Kb
Secondary school DARE ineffective without interactive extensions
The first randomised trial of the DARE drug prevention curriculum for pupils of secondary school age found its police-led lessons ineffective unless supplemented by activities which involved parents, pupils and communities as active participants.
Negative findings from a Danish attempt to implement the primary care screening and brief intervention protocol for heavy drinkers which emerged from World Health Organization trials suggest it was right for the UK to turn away from universal screening.
STUDY 2002 PDF file 164Kb
Still little evidence for matching client with same-gender or same-race therapist
Following negative findings for group therapy, a study of cocaine counselling found that even in one-to-one therapy, matching clients and therapists by gender or race does not improve retention or outcomes. Extended text includes comprehensive review.
STUDY 2008 HTM file
Self-financing resident-run houses maintain recovery after treatment
A US recovery model has proved its effectiveness in a rare randomised trial of a mutual aid intervention. The self-financing structure may help overcome restrictions on the supply and duration of residential rehabilitation in the UK.
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