You have found 10 entries after clicking the GO button or a search link in a hot topic. Starting with the most recently added or updated entries, the list shows in orange the type of entry, year the original document was published (or if one of our own documents, the year last updated), and the type of file you will download when you click on the title. In blue is the document’s title followed by a brief description.
If you have not found what you want you could:
Select from the full range of topics and search options available on our topic search page.
Instead try a free text search for documents which contain the words you specify.
Or try browsing back issues of the magazine or recent bulletins.
Documents are regularly added. Use the e-mail update service to monitor additions.
Try the information services provided by partner agencies.
Tried everything? E-mail the Findings editor for help by clicking on this logo
HOT TOPIC 2018 HTM file
Cycle of Change: change promoter or benevolent fiction?
One of our hot topics – essays on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate over the facts or their interpretation. Its simplicity is beguiling, but does the ubiquitous cycle of change model simply describe the change process, or help predict and accelerate it?
MATRIX CELL 2017 HTM file
Drug Treatment Matrix cell C2: Management/supervision; Generic and cross-cutting issues
Key studies on the role of management and supervision across psychosocial and medical treatments of problem drug use. Highlights that “Manners Matter”, asks, “Is there anything more instructive than being the patient?”, explores the role of patient choice and preferences in treatment planning, and queries the ubiquitous stages of change model as a basis for determining the treatment offer.
Can repeat drink-driving offenders be swayed by just 30 minutes with a therapist, and would those minutes best be spent in motivational interviewing or providing information on alcohol? This Canadian study hints that 'Yes' is the answer to both questions – but only hints.
This US study found that different types of heavy-drinking college students responded best to different types of brief intervention to promote moderation; a novel finding was that the thinkers among them were most affected by being led to reflect on how their drinking compared to that of the average student.
ABSTRACT 2011 HTM file
Evidence-based therapy relationships: research conclusions and clinical practices
Draws conclusions and makes recommendations based on research syntheses commissioned by the American Psychological Association on effective therapeutic relationships and how to match therapeutic style to different patients. Though not specific to substance use, this work will be critical to the recovery agenda for addiction treatment.
REVIEW 2011 HTM file
Adapting psychotherapy to the individual patient: Stages of change
Prochaska and DiClemente's stages of change reliably predict how well psychotherapy patients will do based on their initial stage, but no relevant studies were found on whether matching therapy to the patient's initial stage of change improves outcomes.
REVIEW 2011 HTM file
What works for whom: tailoring psychotherapy to the person
Based on commissioned meta-analytic reviews, a US task force judged that adapting psychotherapy to the patient's reactance/resistance, preferences, culture, and religion/spirituality demonstrably improved effectiveness.
OFFCUT 2006 PDF file 125Kb
Impulse smoking cessation resolutions twice as likely to stick as planned
The popular cycle of change model offers one way to envision intentional change but that is not the only or the most lasting way addiction is resolved; seemingly sudden conversions to abstinence are common and lead to more lasting remission.
Set in Sweden, the first study among psychiatric outpatients to test brief alcohol interventions against screening alone found worthwhile extra drinking reductions after brief motivational advice. Use of a telephone-based intervention was another innovation.
REVIEW 2001 PDF file 594Kb
Cycle of change
Its simplicity is beguiling, but does the ubiquitous Prochaska and DiClemente cycle of change model simply describe the change process, or help predict and accelerate it? Professor Robin Davidson casts a sceptical eye over the evidence.